The City Palace of Jaipur in Rajasthan or the main palace of Jaipur is an imposing blend of traditional Rajasthan and Mughal architecture. City Palace of Jaipur forms one of the most famous tourist attractions and a major landmark in Jaipur of Rajasthan. The beautiful palace was built by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh during his reign. Among the various forts and palaces of Jaipur of Rajasthan, City Palace of Rajasthan stands apart, with its outstanding art and architecture of Rajasthan. The vast palace complex of Rajasthan occupies one seventh of the walled city of Jaipur of Rajasthan. City Palace complex of Rajasthan covers a huge area, which is divided into a series of gardens, courtyards and buildings. Initially, Raja Jai Singh built the outer wall occupying a huge area. The additional grand buildings were constructed later by the succeeding rulers.
Architecture and Layout of the City Palace of Jaipur in Rajasthan
The City Palace of Jaipur of Rajasthan was not only a part of the former glory of India, but still serves as home to the former Maharaja of Rajasthan. The City Palace complex of Rajasthan houses several palatial structures like Chandra Mahal of Rajasthan, Mubarak Mahal of Rajasthan, Mukut Mahal of Rajasthan, Maharani's Palace of Rajasthan, Shri Govind Dev Temple of Rajasthan and the City Palace Museum of Rajasthan. Nakkarkhana-ka-Darwaza, the imposing gateway of the City Palace of Rajasthan guarded by stone elephants, is monumental.
In the first courtyard is the 'Mubarak Mahal' of Rajasthan, built by Maharaja Madho Singh II in the late 19th century to entertain his guests. It has a beautifully carved marble gate with heavy brass doors on either side of this gate. Today, the Mubarak Mahal of Rajasthan, or the Auspicious Palace is converted into a costume gallery, which displays royal attires of the Kings. The museum has a rich collection of royal costumes, folk embroidery, rare and invaluable Pashmina (Kashmiri) Shawls, Sanganeri prints and Benaras silk saris. Also on display, are some of the bulky clothes worn by Maharaja Sawai Madho Singh I, a former ruler.
After crossing the first square, there is a magnificent gateway with a grand door in brass opening to a stately courtyard. There lies the Diwan-I-Khas or 'Hall of Private Audience'- an open hall with a double row of columns with scalloped arches. On display are the two largest silver vessels in the world figured in the Guinness Book of World Records. These were used for carrying water from the holy Ganges for personal use, by Madho Singh II on his journey to England. Across the paved square, with its intricate decorations in deep red and gold, Afghan and Persian carpets, miniature paintings, astronomical manuscripts in Persian and Sanskrit lies the 'Diwan-E-Aam' or the 'Hall of Public Audience'. Some of the invaluable handwritten original manuscripts of Hindu scriptures are exhibited in the museum, especially the miniature copies of the sacred Bhagwat Gita. These paintings bring forth some very capturing displays like Ramayana theme, etc. also worth seeing are the elephant saddles called "haudha" and the beautifully painted ceilings of the building.
At the other corner is the gateway Ridhi Sidhi Pol, with four small doorways decorated with motifs depicting the four seasons.
To the north-west is the graceful seven storeyed 'Chandra Mahal', or the Moon Palace of Rajasthan, home to the present Maharaja of Jaipur of Rajasthan; Bhavani Singh, providing a fine view of the gardens and the city of Rajasthan. You can also have a look at the exquisite peacock in the courtyard outside the palace of Rajasthan. Paintings, floral decorations, mirror walls and ceilings in the traditional style adorn the palace. Each storey has a distinctive name and is a place of sheer beauty and luxury. The topmost story is known as Mukut Mahal of Rajasthan. The wonderful architecture of this Palace of Rajasthan with delicate paintings, mirror work on walls and floral decorations, makes it a "must-see" for every visitor. The ground and first floor of the Chandra Mahal of Rajasthan form the Maharaja Sawai Man Singh II Museum. The museum has an extensive collection of art, carpets, enamelware and 15th century weapons. The display includes pistols, jeweled swords, guns and gun powder pouches, a belt swords, chain armors, small cannons, poison tipped blades, etc. However, the most impressive of them is the scissor-action dagger, a dagger with handles that were released once the weapon was thrust into a person. The paintings include miniatures of Rajasthani, Persian and Mughal schools. A section of museum also contains dresses and costumes of the former Maharajas and Maharanis of Jaipur of Rajasthan.
'Sukh Nivas' or Hall of rest holds the drawing and dining room of the Maharaja, furnished with Mughal miniatures, European silver, glass dining tables and peep holes decorated with gold leafs, for ventilation. On the fourth floor of the 'Chandra Mahal' is the 'Shobha Nivas' or Hall of Beauty with mirror encrusted walls having exquisite blue tiled dadoes and glittering gold leaf and mica decoration. When the room was lit after dark the Maharajas could enjoy a breathtaking spectacle of the room bursting into a thousand flickering images. The Shobha Nivas and the Sukh Nivas is still occupied by the present Maharaja. The fifth floor is the 'Chhavi Nivas' or Hall of Images, the maharajas retreat in the rainy season, with a polished floor of eggshell stucco and blue and white painted walls. The sixth floor with its mirrored ceiling and stucco floor has rows of double columns through which one can have a magnificent view of the rugged hills. The uppermost storey is called the 'Mukut Mahal' or the Crown Building.
Opposite the Chandra Mahal of Rajasthan lies the 'Badal Mahal' of Rajasthan. The Govind Devji Temple stands in the middle of the Chandra Mahal and the Badal Mahal. A delightful system of fountains is placed in the middle of the paved path between the Chandra Mahal and the Badal Mahal of Rajasthan. Another integral part of the palace complex is the Hawa Mahal of Rajasthan of unusual architecture, standing away from the main complex.
To sum up, the City Palace of Jaipur, Rajasthan is a structure of historical importance and a souvenir of the regal past. The palace of Rajasthan, with its royal grace stands as a symbol of magnificence. All these features of City Palace of Rajasthan leave the tourists with no other option, but to visit it.
Location and Transport
The city of Jaipur of Rajasthan is easily accessible from the major cities of India, so reaching Jaipur of Rajasthan is not difficult at all. Jaipur of Rajasthan is well-connected by rail, road and air. Jaipur of Rajasthan has a brilliant road network making it easier for people to travel.
Jaipur of Rajasthan is connected to Delhi (300Km), Mumbai, Udaipur of Rajasthan, Jodhpur of Rajasthan, Aurangabad, Calcutta and Varanasi by domestic flights.
The train service to Jaipur of Rajasthan is available from all the major parts of the country.
Jaipur of Rajasthan can be accessed from all the major places in Rajasthan, Gujarat, Delhi and Mumbai by bus. Jaipur of Rajasthan is well connected by road to major cities in India. Excellent road network serves people to enjoy a comfortable journey to and from Jaipur of Rajasthan. This mode of traveling is quite easy and comparatively cheap. Regular bus services from nearby cities connect Jaipur of Rajasthan to the other cities. Deluxe Buses, AC coaches and Government buses are available for the convenience of the passengers.
|Best time to visit
||October to February
||Open 0930 - 1630 hrs.
||Next to the renowned Hawa Mahal of Rajasthan
||Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh
||A blend of Rajasthani and Mughal Architecture, Chandra Mahal
|How to reach
||You can easily reach City Palace of Rajasthan by taking local Buses, Rickshaws and Taxis