Amber (pronounced Amer) of Rajasthan is situated about 11 kilometres from Jaipur of Rajasthan and was the ancient citadel of the ruling Kachhawa clan of Amber of Rajasthan, before the capital was shifted in the plains to present day Jaipur of Rajasthan. The Amber Fort of Rajasthan set in picturesque and rugged hills is a fascinating blend of Hindu and Mughal architecture. The Amber Fort of Rajasthan looks stunning, all-built in white marble and red sandstone. To add to the Amber fort of Rajasthan’s charm, Maotha Lake makes its foreground. The crystal mirror image of the Amer Fort, on the still waters of the lake, seems to be a beautiful illusion. The rugged forbidding exterior belies an inner paradise with a beautiful fusion of art and architecture. Amber of Rajasthan is the classic and romantic fort- palace with a magnificent aura.
In 1592, construction of the Fort was started by Raja Man Singh I. However, the Amber Fort of Rajasthan took its present form during the reign of Raja Jai Singh I but the Meenas were the original builders of Amber of Rajasthan, which town they consecrated to Amba, the Mother Goddess, whom they knew as `Gatta Rani' or `Queen of the Pass'. Built over the remnants of an earlier structure, the palace complex which stands to this date was commenced under the reign of Raja Man Singh, Commander in Chief of Emperor Akbar’s army and a member of the Emperor's inner circle of nine courtiers in 1592. Amber was modified by successive rulers over the next 150 years, until the Kachwahas shifted their capital to Jaipur during the time of Sawai Jai Singh II.
Legend and History of Amber Fort in Jaipur, Rajasthan
The structure which is today known as Amber fort of Rajasthan was initially a palace complex within the original fort of Amber of Rajasthan which is today known as Jaigarh Fort of Rajasthan. Connected with Amber through fortified passages Jaigarh fort of Rajasthan is located on a hill above the Amber complex, and is constructed of red sandstone and white marble. It overlooks Maotha Lake, and was reputed to be the treasure vault of the Kacchwaha rulers of Rajasthan.
Amber was a city of Rajasthan state, India. It was the former capital of Jaipur state of Rajasthan. Now it has been included in Jaipur Municipal Corporation of Rajasthan. Amber of Rajasthan was founded by the Meenas and was a flourishing settlement as far back as 967 AD. Around 1037 AD, it was conquered by the Kachwaha clan of Rajputs, who ruled from it until 1727 AD. In that year ruler of Amber Sawai Jai Singh II founded a new town about nine kilometers south of it. It was named after him as Jaipur. After the founding of the new town, the royal palace and houses of prominent persons were shifted to Jaipur of Rajasthan. But the priests of Shila Devi temple who were Bengali Brahmins continued to live in the fort. The capital of Kachwahas of Rajasthan was supplanted by the modern city of Jaipur of Rajasthan, which is the capital of Rajasthan state in India.
The Meena Raja Ralun singh also known as Alan Singh Meena of Khogong kind-heartedly adopted a stranded Rajput mother and her child who sought refuge in his realm. Later, the Meena king sent the child, Dhola Rae, to Delhi to represent the Meena kingdom. The Rajput of Rajasthan, in gratitude for these favours, returned with Rajput conspirers and massacred the weaponless Meenas on Diwali while performing the rituals of Pitra Trapan, in which it is customery in Meenas to be weaponless, "filling the reservoirs in which the Meenas bathed with their dead bodies" and thus conquered Khogong. This act of Rajputs was most coward and shameful in Rajasthan history. He then subjugated the Sihra Gotra of Meenas at much later on known as Jamwa Ramgarh near Jaipur of Rajasthan, and transferred his capital thence. Becoming the son-in-law of the prince of Ajmer, he died when battling 11,000 Meenas, most of whom he slew. His son Maida Sihra l Rao "made a conquest of Amber from the Soosawut Meenas" whose chief was the head of the Meena confederation. He subdued the Nandla Meenas, annexing the Gatoor-Gatti district. Hoondeo succeeded to the throne and "continued the warfare against the Meenas". Koontal, his successor, fought the Meenas "in which the Meenas were defeated, with great slaughter, which secured his rule throughout Dhoondar". The Meenas were the original builders of Amber, which town they consecrated to Amba, the Mother Goddess, whom they knew as "Gatta Rani" or "Queen of the Pass".
The first Rajput structure was started by Raja Kakil Dev when Amber became his capital in 1036 on the site of present day Jaigarh Fort of Rajasthan. Much of Amber's current buildings were started or expanded during the reign of Raja Man Singh I in the 1600s. Among the chief building is the Diwan-i-Khas in Amber Palace of Rajasthan and the elaborately paited Ganesh Poll built by the Mirza Raja Jai Singh I.
A legend goes to say that "No sooner had Mirza completed the Diwan-i-Khas" it is related "than it came to the ears of the emperor Jahangir that his vassal had surpassed him in magnificence, and that this last great work quite eclipsed all the marvels of the imperial city; the columns of red sandstone having been particularly noticed as sculptured with exquisite taste and elaborate detail. In a fit of jealousy the emperor commanded that this masterpiece should be thrown down, and sent commissioners to Amber charged with the execution of this order; whereupon Mirza, in order to save the structure, had the columns plastered over with stucco, so that the messengers from Agra should have to acknowledge to the emperor that the magnificence, which had been so much talked of, was after all pure invention. Since then his apathetic successors have neglected to bring to light this splendid work; and it is only by knocking off some of the plaster that one can get a glimpse of the sculptures, which are perfect as on the day they were carved.
The Amber Fort of Jaipur in Rajasthan, India
The picturesque situation of Amber of Rajasthan at the mouth of a rocky mountain gorge, in which nestles a lovely lake, has attracted the admiration of all travelers. It is seen to be a remarkable example for its combined Rajput-Mughal architecture. The outer appearance of the Fort of Rajasthan, being rough and craggy is totally different from its core. The interior of the Fort provides a soothing and warm ambience, which is least expected from its outer appearance. The marvelous decoration of the Amer Fort of Rajasthan is influenced by both, the Hindu and Muslim manner of ornamentation. Exquisite paintings of hunting scenes on the walls depict the temperament of the Rajputs, who were adventurous, revolutionary and self-indulgent.
The intricate carvings on the walls and ceilings simply astonish the visitors. The minute mirror work adds to the grand appearance and royalty of the halls. The Amer Fort of Rajasthan undoubtedly captivates the tourists with its artistic quality of delicate work. The mighty walls guarantee the protection of the Fort of Rajasthan against the invasion of the enemies.
The palace of Rajasthan or the royal apartments of Rajasthan lies inside the massive Amber fort complex of Rajasthan with gateways, gardens, halls, stairways, pillared pavilions, temples and palaces of Rajasthan. Some of the noteworthy architectural marvels in the complex are the 'Diwan-E-Khas' of Rajasthan, the 'Sheesh Mahal' of Rajasthan and the 'Jai Mandir' of Rajasthan with exquisite mirror work, the 'Diwan-E-Aam' of Rajasthan, the 'Sukh Niwas' of Rajasthan, the Shila Mata Temple of Rajasthan and Kali temple of Rajasthan and the well laid out garden the 'Kesar Kyari' of Rajasthan.
The fort of Rajasthan is entered through the 'Dil-e-Aaram' Garden, laid out in the traditional Mughal style. An imposing flight of stairs leads to the 'Diwan-E-Am' (hall of public audience) which has latticed galleries and double row of columns each having a capital in the shape of elephants on the top. To the right are steps that lead to the small Kali Temple of Rajasthan. Maharaja Man Singh was a great devotee of Goddess Kali and prayed to the goddess for victory during battles. The temple of Rajasthan has huge doors made of silver. The larger white marble Shila Mata temple of Rajasthan has the image of Goddess Kali, brought by Raja Man Singh from Jessore in East Bengal (now Bangladesh).
The emperors apartments lies on a higher terrace beyond a two tiered decorative gateway, 'Ganesh Pol, covered with elegant frescoes and pavilions having fascinating jali (Lattice worked) screens. The 'Jai Mandir' (hall of victory) of Rajasthan has a glittering ceiling with mirror pieces on stucco and elegant inlaid panels. The 'Diwan- E- Khas', hall of private audience of Rajasthan is similar in ornamentation to Jai Mandir of Rajasthan and the 'Seesh Mahal' of Rajasthan, hall of Mirrors known for its craftsmanship in mirrors, is the most spectacular of the lot. Thousands of mirror pieces adorn the walls and the ceiling that, any streak of light makes them sparkle and illuminates the entire room. When royalty lived there, at night when they had to come through and needed lighting they would take a single candle and because of all of the tiny intricate mirrors, the entire room would light up and would also give a romantic illusion of twinkling stars on a clear night. In front of the Jai Mandir of Rajasthan is the 'Sukh Niwas' (hall of pleasure) with a door made of sandalwood, inlaid with ivory with a channel running through, which formerly carried cool water acting as an air cooler.
The zenana or the women's apartments and frescoes depicting Krishna Leela scenes surround a spectacular courtyard. There are private chambers from where the royal women could watch the proceedings of the royal court in privacy. The well-proportioned garden, Kesar Kyari in the center of Maotha Lake and the Dilaram Bagh at its north end provide a spectacular view of the palaces of Rajasthan.
The best part of this tourist attraction of Rajasthan situated on a crafty hill, is the royal elephant ride. The flawless beauty of the Fort of Rajasthan can be enjoyed royally with an elephant ride. Amber or Amer Fort of Rajasthan is the part of Jaipur of Rajasthan and its royalty. A trip to Jaipur of Rajasthan would be definitely incomplete, without the visit to this imperial Fort of Amber of Rajasthan.
Location and Transport
Amber fort and palace of Rajasthan is a 10 minute steep climb through Jai pol (Gate of Victory) from Amber/ Ambar / Amer of Rajasthan, 11 km from Jaipur of Rajasthan on the Delhi- Jaipur road. Facilities available for elephant back ride up to Amber fort of Rajasthan. The city of Jaipur of Rajasthan is easily accessible from the major cities of India, so reaching Jaipur of Rajasthan is not difficult at all. Jaipur of Rajasthan is well-connected by rail, road and air. Jaipur of Rajasthan has a brilliant road network making it easier for people to travel.
Jaipur of Rajasthan is connected to Delhi (300Km), Mumbai, Udaipur of Rajasthan, Jodhpur of Rajasthan, Aurangabad, Calcutta and Varanasi by domestic flights.
The train service to Jaipur of Rajasthan is available from all the major parts of the country.
Jaipur of Rajasthan can be accessed from all the major places in Rajasthan, Gujarat, Delhi and Mumbai by bus. Jaipur of Rajasthan is well connected by road to major cities in India. Excellent road network serves people to enjoy a comfortable journey to and from Jaipur of Rajasthan. This mode of traveling is quite easy and comparatively cheap. Regular bus services from nearby cities connect Jaipur of Rajasthan to the other cities. Deluxe Buses, AC coaches and Government buses are available for the convenience of the passengers.
||On Delhi-Jaipur Highway, 11 km from Jaipur in Rajasthan
||Raja Man Singh I
||Wonderful carvings and minute mirror work, Exquisite Seesh Mahal
Best time to visit
|October to February
||Open 9 am - 16.30 pm