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Culture of Rajasthan
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Climate of Rajasthan
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Tourist Attractions in Rajasthan
 
Amber Fort, Jaipur
City Palace, Udaipur
Hawa Mahal, Jaipur
Jaigarh Fort, Jaipur
Jantar Mantar, Jaipur
Junagarh Fort, Bikaner
Mehrangarh Fort, Jodhpur
Nahargarh Fort, Jaipur
Patwon ki Haweli, Jaisalmer
Jaisalmer Fort, Jaisalmer
Chittorgarh Fort, Chittor
Umaid Bhawan, Jodhpur
City Palace, Jaipur
Fairs and Festivals in Rajasthan
Destinations in Rajasthan
Arts and Crafts of Rajasthan in India
 
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  TOURIST ATTRACTIONS OF RAJASTHAN


The magical land set amidst the acheronian desert beauty...the land synonymous with romance and chivalry...immensely rich in culture, history and natural beauty. That's Rajasthan, the Land of Royalty. Always teeming with color, bliss and conviviality that's unique to this part of the country. Everything about Rajasthan fascinates- from miles of golden stretches of sand to the kaleidoscope of magnificent forts, opulent palaces and prodigious havelis, each a splendid architectural creation having a legend of its own. Its imperial forts and august palaces of Rajasthan dotting the sandscape remind one of the mondaine lifestyles of the maharajahs of Rajasthan and their flamboyant courts. From the lifelike frescoes and murals in the citadels to the impetuous festivity in the streets of Rajasthan, the savor of royalty can be felt at every corner of the state.

The tourist attractions in Rajasthan are characterized by a charming mix color and an exotic aura that can dazzle any onlooker. No wonder, a travel to Rajasthan is on the agenda of every second traveler you will come across in India. Indeed, this is the magic of Rajasthan that draws hordes of visitors with its unconventional beauty and vibrant presence.

When it comes to listing the tourist attractions in Rajasthan, it can sometimes add up as a tough task. Indeed, the list is so long that it is almost impossible to include them all in a short tour. However, it can safely be said that the tourist attractions in Rajasthan are truly an extension of its people and the very culture of the state. Right from historical forts and palaces in cities like Jaipur of Rajasthan, Chittorgarh of Rajasthan, Udaipur of Rajasthan and Jodhpur of Rajasthan to the beautiful temples of Mount Abu of Rajasthan, Rajasthan indeed teems with tourist attractions of varied types. You can also add to it some important wildlife reserves like Ranthambore of Rajasthan, Keoladeo Bird Sanctuary and Sariska of Rajasthan.

TOURIST ATTRACTIONS OF RAJASTHAN

Rajasthan, India is indeed a kaleidoscopic mix of attractions that simply awe and delight at the same time. Explore Rajasthan - a pulsating pot pourri of art, tradition and folk culture. Rajasthan's royal antecedents make this state with its treasure of forts and palaces a great favorite with tourists. Visit any city in Rajasthan; it will charm you with its wealth of attractions. Impregnable forts and palaces, picturesque lakes, shimmering deserts and exotic wild lives - Rajasthan offers you a heady mix. Tourist attractions in Rajasthan lie in its intriguing heritage, colorful villages and vibrant songs and dances. Explore royal cities steeped in medieval grandeur; ride camels and horses to heritage monuments or camp on a desert carpet under starlit skies as you explore Rajasthan. Rajasthan never ceases to astonish with its seemingly unending wealth of traditional attractions. Do take out time to visit this fascinating state that is indeed an experience you must live at least once in a lifetime.

Monuments of Rajasthan - forts of Rajasthan, palaces of Rajasthan, temples of Rajasthan, observatories of Rajasthan, havelis of Rajasthan etc - are the prime attractions of the state. They seem to quietly unfold the story of Rajasthan before a visiting tourist. They are a standing testimony of an era that was marked by plenty of actions and emotions. Individually too, they have a whole range of interesting aspect that make a visit worthwhile. The architecture, sometimes entirely Rajputana style while at other times displaying a mix with other styles (like Mughal), present an impressive sight from outside. Inside, the splendid interior decor with paintings, mirrorwork, portraits, carvings etc exude a picture postcard beauty.

Though in general, the monuments reflect the love of grandeur and beauty in the hearts of the erstwhile Rajasthanis, yet they had some really basic purpose for their construction like defensive, religious and accommodation. A few were even the result of the desire of the rajas to do something really unique.

Some of the most well known monuments of the state are quiet obviously located in the big cities of Rajasthan. However, even the smaller and remote destinations of Rajasthan preserve enough of monumental heritage of Rajasthan for tourists. It is infact these little less famous destinations that need to be visited in order to understand the history and culture of Rajasthan in greater depth. Each monument narrates an entirely new story from its pages of history book. For a tourist, it is hard to ignore these monuments during his trip to Rajasthan as they are not just linked to its past, rather they have an inextricable link to its present.

Romance and Royalty of Forts, Palaces and Monuments of Rajasthan

A land of Forts and Palaces, the state of Rajasthan in India is a traditional desert kingdom replete with sand dunes, wooded hills and amazing lakes, magnificent palaces and rugged forts, men and women in colorful turbans and skirts, bustling cities and quiet villages, camels, elephants and tigers. The Forts and Palaces in Rajasthan rank prime among the manifold tourist attractions in Rajasthan. Standing as a witness to the rich history of the state, are numerous Rajasthan forts.

Rajasthan has till date retained the medieval grandeur wonderfully and the magnificent Forts and Palaces in Rajasthan bear ample testimony to some of the finest creations of Rajput civilization. Rajasthan Forts and Palaces allow visitors to travel back in time to the bygone era of Kings and Queens and to experience the royal luxury and charm of those times and marvel at the magnificent architecture manifested in the palatial palaces and imposing forts of the state.

The Forts and Palaces in Rajasthan India showcase the glorious architectural heritage of the state. Jaipur of Rajasthan, Jodhpur of Rajasthan, Udaipur of Rajasthan, Jaisalmer of Rajasthan, Bikaner of Rajasthan and Chittorgarh of Rajasthan are the major cities where a large concentration of the Forts and Palaces in Rajasthan are located. The Mughal emperors, along with Rajputs constructed most of the forts of Rajasthan. The architecture of these forts is truly magnificent. Apart from these major builders, several other rulers also got forts constructed in the areas ruled by them. Fort Palaces in Rajasthan, India were built outside the main city, mainly over the nearby hills to act as a protection to the main city. Most of these monuments were built as part of defense strategies, to defend territories from the being attacked by enemies and also to give shape to the immense passion of the rulers of yesteryears towards art and architecture.

TOURIST ATTRACTIONS OF RAJASTHAN

The historical forts and palaces in Rajasthan are evocative of the glory and splendor of the ancient past. Ruins of these Rajasthan monuments have continued to fascinate art lovers and historians for centuries. Highly revered for their architectural splendor, these palaces and forts of Rajasthan owe their execution to the imagination of great rulers and emperors who dared to extend their ideas to the farthest limits of human thought. Every monument in Rajasthan is built in a distinctive constructional style and architecture.

The Rajputs' highly evolved code of valiance and honor akin to that of the medieval European knights. They were inexorably liberated and renowned for their valor and pride, preferring, when defeat was imminent in battle, to die an honorable death rather than to commit to the enemy. Fiercely defending their motherland to death, the rajputs anchored themselves in this desolate desert land, building colossal forts such as those at Chittorgarh of Rajasthan, Jaipur of Rajasthan, Jodhpur of Rajasthan and Jaisalmer of Rajasthan - the last words in the poetry of opulence. The indomitable pride of Chittaur, the fort, a colossal structure with many gateways, eulogizes the legend of junoesque Padmini who immolated herself on a huge funeral pyre, instead of relenting in to the hands of Alauddin Khilji. The Amer fort in Jaipur of Rajasthan, is a perfect amalgamation of Rajput and Mughal architecture; with its intricately carved Jali screens, delicate mirror and stucco work, emerges dramatically from the placid waters of the Maotha Lake. Rising from the heart of the Thar Desert like a golden mirage is the amber-hued Jaisalmer fort of Rajasthan. Even the sun flirts with the yellow sandstone of the fort, redressing it in honey yellow at dawn, camel yellow in the morning and adding a tint of sand yellow during dusk.

Forts and Palaces in Rajasthan have not only withstood the ravages of time and onslaught of attacking enemies, they have gradually inculcated many features of the cultures that took shelter in the region. These are not mere stone and brick structures, but they are the existing examples through the walls of which we can travel back in time and unravel the glorious history of Rajasthan in India. The towering gates, domes, arches, corridors and Mahals of the Forts and Palaces in Rajasthan will transport you to the splendorous medieval era and provide a magnificent insight into the lives of the chivalrous Rajput warriors.

The desert state of Rajasthan in India has some of the most beautiful and evocative monuments in the world. Rajasthan retains the medieval grandeur and the magnificent palaces, beautiful and richly sculptured temples, and imposing monuments in Rajasthan bear testimony to some of the finest creations of Rajput civilization. The ancient Monuments in Rajasthan rank prime among the manifold tourist attractions of the state. These ancient palaces and mansions draw hoards of tourists to Rajasthan from all around the world.

Right from the formidable forts to fascinating palaces and from the huge 'havelis' (mansions) to the magnificent temples of Rajasthan, the monuments in Rajasthan India add to the magnetic charm of the state. Widely known for their architectural splendor, these monuments owe their execution to the imagination of great rulers of the past who dared to extend their ideas to the farthest limits of human thought.

A monuments tour of Rajasthan brings alive the romance, culture and glory of the past days. These monuments are a visual treat to the eyes, with the architecture ranging from Mughal to Rajput to European. Almost each and every city of Rajasthan has some monument to boast of. A Monuments Tour to Rajasthan brings out the true essence of Rajput pride, romance, culture and glory. Amongst all the Rajasthan historical monuments, the most famous ones are:

Hawa Mahal of Jaipur in Rajasthan, India

How often have we been told not to build castles in the air? Very often indeed, but if you are a dreamer and wish to see this 'palace of the winds' which is not just in your imagination but a real palace, then come to the 'pink city' of Rajasthan and see the Hawa Mahal of Rajasthan. Each wall of the palace reinforces the idea that 'dreams truly can come true', and the whole structure is such a beautiful sight that you possibly cannot describe it in words.

To the north of the Jaipur city's main road intersection, the Badi Chaupad, stands Hawa Mahal of Rajasthan - the world famous landmark of Jaipur of Rajasthan, the best known specimen of fanciful architecture. Jaipur's signature building, the Hawa Mahal of Rajasthan, a multi layered palace, was built by Sawai Pratap Singh (grand son of Sawai Jai Singh and son of Sawai Madhoo Singh) in 1799 AD and Mr. Lal Chand Usta was the architect. This pyramid shaped five storey building along the main street of the old city is in pink splendor with semi octagonal and delicately honey combed sandstone windows with arched roofs. As one looks at this building, one realizes that the rear side of the building is comparatively very plain and lacks much of ornamentation. One is rather surprised at the contrast, since in the front there is intricate carving and much attention has been paid to even minute details yet the backside is more a mass of pillars and passages. Famous for it's beehive like structure, the Hawa Mahal is interplay of red and pink sand stone, carefully and painstakingly outlined with white borders and motifs. The palaces and forts of yesteryears, which were witness to the royal processions and splendours are now living monuments, accepted quite naturally into the lifestyle of the people of the "Pink City" Jaipur of Rajasthan.
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Jantar Mantar of Jaipur in Rajasthan, India

Jantar Mantar of Jaipur is the biggest stone observatory in the world, which is still in a running condition and stands witness to the wisdom of the former age. Jantar Mantar of Jaipur in Rajasthan is one of the five astronomical observatories built by Maharaja Jai Singh, the founder of Jaipur of Rajasthan and is located close to the gate of the famous City Palace of Jaipur in Rajasthan. The Jantar Mantar at Jaipur of Rajasthan was conceived as a quest for discovering the mysteries of the Cosmos. It was built not only to verify astronomical observations made at Jaipur of Rajasthan, but also to stimulate interest in astronomy, which had become enmeshed in theory, superstition and religious jargon. During the period between 1727 and 1733, Jantar Mantar took its form and structure.

The Man has always been fascinated by the Universe and the Cosmos. With every passing year we think we have come closer to unfolding the secrets of the dark skies. But just as we think we are close to discovering the key or the knowledge, we realize we haven't even crossed the threshold yet. Even our ancestors and the people before us, could not resist the temptation and made attempts to learn more about the mysteries of Time and Space.

Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II, the Rajput ruler of Amber and the founder of Jaipur was a learned man and an astronomer who was deeply interested in the workings of the celestial bodies and so built the Observatory, known as Jantar Mantar of Rajasthan. It is modeled after the one that he had built for him at the then Mughal capital of Delhi. He had constructed a total of five such labs at different locations, including the ones at Delhi and Jaipur of Rajasthan. The Jaipur observatory is the largest of these. The name is derived from yantra, instrument, and mantra, for chanting; hence the 'the chanting instrument'. It is sometimes said to have been originally yantra mantra, mantra being translated as formula, although there is limited justification for this since in traditional spoken Jaipur language, the locals obfuscate the written 'Y' syllable as 'J'.
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Patwon-Ji-Ki-Haveli of Jaisalmer in Rajasthan, India

The Thar Desert that you envisage prior to the tour to Jaisalmer will nevertheless be an overwhelming experience but nothing will prepare you of the magnificent Havelis of Jaisalmer in the arid deserts cape, ornamented and colorfully frescoed. The gorgeous mansions of Jaisalmer's wealthy merchants are known as 'havelis'. Their elaborate homes are etched out in sandstone with infinite details and pains, carved and pieced together in different patterns. There is a perfect harmony that characterizes them and they are a treat for the eyes of the beholder. The splendid mansions of sandstone built by the wealthy merchants of Jaisalmer of Rajasthan are excellent examples of Rajasthani architecture. The extensive designs, frescoes and murals used to decorate the havelis would appear loud to many finer tastes but in the arid desert where the no greenery softens the cityscape, merchants imbibed color and ornamentation in their life by indulging in building mansions for themselves with intricate and lavish patterns.

Patwon Ki Haveli in Jaisalmer, Rajasthan, India is foremost among the places of tourist interest in Jaisalmer of Rajasthan. A major among the tourist attractions in Jaipur of Rajasthan, the haveli is a specimen of regal Rajputana sculpture. This finest of the havelis in Jaisalmer is sure to present before you a sheer enthralling world of stone chiseled in to most captivating designs, on your visit to Jaisalmer of Rajasthan. This is one of the largest and most elaborate Haveli in Jaisalmer of Rajasthan and stands in a narrow lane. It is five storeys high and is extensively carved. It is divided into six apartments, two owned by archaeological Survey of India, two by families who operate craft-shops and two private homes. Nevertheless, even after these encroachments and abuse you can find a good amount of paintings and mirror-works on the wall. The other important aspects are its gateways and arches. You will notice individual depictions and theme on each and every arch. Although the whole building is made yellow sandstone, the main gateway of the Patwon Ji ki Haveli is in brown color.

Patwon Ki Haveli in Jaisalmer, Rajasthan, India is a cluster of five havelis in Jaisalmer. The members of one family built this place of tourist interest in Jaisalmer in different periods of time. Though the time spans of the five wings differ from each other, the wings are astonishingly in perfect symmetry with each other. Originally built by Guman Chand, it is the most brazen and largest of the havelis in Jaisalmer.

Patwon Ki Haveli in Jaisalmer, Rajasthan, India is now a heritage hotel. On your visit to Jaisalmer, it reminds one of the memories of large corridors, marvelously sculpted pillars and vibrantly adorned walls once witnessing an incomparably sumptuous lifestyle. The specious suites are covered with arty murals.
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Amber Fort of Jaipur in Rajasthan, India

Amber (pronounced Amer) is situated about 11 kilometres from Jaipur of Rajasthan and was the ancient citadel of the ruling Kachhawa clan of Amber, before the capital was shifted in the plains to present day Jaipur of Rajasthan. The Amber Fort set in picturesque and rugged hills is a fascinating blend of Hindu and Mughal architecture. The Amber Fort looks stunning, all-built in white marble and red sandstone. To add to its charm, Maotha Lake makes its foreground. The crystal mirror image of the Fort, on the still waters of the lake, seems to be a beautiful illusion. The rugged forbidding exterior belies an inner paradise with a beautiful fusion of art and architecture. Amber is the classic and romantic fort- palace with a magnificent aura.

In 1592, construction of the Fort was started by Raja Man Singh I. However, the Amber Fort took its present form during the reign of Raja Jai Singh I but the Meenas were the original builders of Amber, which town they consecrated to Amba, the Mother Goddess, whom they knew as `Gatta Rani' or `Queen of the Pass'. Built over the remnants of an earlier structure, the palace complex which stands to this date was commenced under the reign of Raja Man Singh, Commander in Chief of Emperor Akbar’s army and a member of the Emperor's inner circle of nine courtiers in 1592. Amber was modified by successive rulers over the next 150 years, until the Kachwahas shifted their capital to Jaipur during the time of Sawai Jai Singh II.
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Chittorgarh Fort of Rajasthan in India

Chittorgarh is the epitome of Rajput pride, romance and spirit. Chittorgarh Fort of Rajasthan is a massive and majestic fort of Rajasthan situated on a hilltop near Chittorgarh town in Rajasthan state in India. It is one of the most historically significant forts not only in Rajasthan but whole of North India. It reverberates with history of heroism and sacrifice, which is evident as it echoes with the tales sung by the Bards of Rajasthan. The main reason for visiting Chittorgarh Fort of Rajasthan is its massive hilltop fort of Rajasthan, which is a depiction of Rajput culture and values. The fort of Rajasthan stands on a 240-hectares site on a 180m high hill that rises rapidly from the plains below.

The indomitable pride of Chittor, the fort is a massive structure with many gateways built by the later Maurya rulers in 7th century A.D. Perched on a 180 m high hill, it sprawls over 700 acres. The chhatris within are impressive reminders of the Rajput heroism. The main gates are Padal Pol, Bhairon Pol, Hanuman Pol and Ram Pol. The fort of Rajasthan has many magnificent monuments, which are fine examples of the Rajput architecture. The ancient ruins of the fort are worth spending few moments in solitude.

The main places of tourist interest around the fort are the two towers known as the 'Kirti Stambh' or Tower of Fame and the 'Vijay Stambh' or Tower of Victory. There are several temples, reservoirs and palaces constructed between the 9th and 17th centuries AD. There is a huge complex of Join temples within the fort. A big water reservoir is close to the opening where Rani Padmini and other women are believed to have performed 'jauhar', an act of self-immolations by plunging in a large fire. Water flows out from a rock shaped in the form of cow's mouth and is called 'Gaumukh'. Other tourist spots worth visiting are the Bhimtal Tank, Neelkanth Mahadev Temple, Meera Temple, Kumbha Shyam Temple and Kalika Mata Temple dating back to the 8th century AD.
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Jaisalmer Fort of Rajasthan in India

Jaisalmer Fort of Rajasthan known as Sonar Quila or the Golden Fort of Rajasthan, rising from the sand, the mega structure merges with the golden hues of the desert ambience and the setting suns in its most colourful shades gives it a fairy tale look. Deep in the heart of the Thar Desert is Jaisalmer of Rajasthan, one of the last princely bastions in the region. Founded on what was the cross - road of lucrative trade routes, this remote settlement came to be celebrated for the valour of its rulers, and for the aesthetic sense represented by their palaces and havelis.

Its simply a magic, the bastions envelops a whole townships that consist of palace complex various security sources and the havelis of rich merchants carved with an incredibly light touch, several temples and the residential complexes of the armies and traders placed strategically on the trade route, from where the ancient caravans passed en-route passing all the riches for the prosperity to an otherwise non source full kingdom. These merchants served and acquire a great deal of power and noble status in the royal courts of Bhatti Rajputs who founded the state in the 12th century and proceeded further. But the rich merchant inspired by the classic style of the royals, constructed huge mansions (havelis) adjacent to each other in the nature of medieval culture and profusely decorated walls and ceilings and intricately carved outdoors and interiors. The rich merchants engaged stone - craftsmen who worked delicately on the sandstone mansions they built, filling up facades with sculptural filigree, screen windows, delicate pavilions and beautiful balconies.  The colourful art forms and some how side kind the royal heritage and made it appear paler in comparison. The craftsmen were usually Muslims who were induced on their journey to exhibit their skills. The result was architectural purity that cannot be seen elsewhere.

The golden - yellow sandstone of Jaisalmer Fort of Rajasthan, over 800 years old, crowns the Trikuta Hill. Within its walls, defended by 99 turrets, lies the old city, nearly a quarter of modern Jaisalmer of Rajasthan. Seen from outside, the sight must be almost identical to what was seen by merchants on their overland camel caravans to central Asia. Once this desert outpost was an important gate for the trade route, and Jaisalmer of Rajasthan grew wealthy on the proceeds. But the advent of commercial shipping relegated the town to relative obscurity. The fort stands almost 30 metres over the city and houses an entire living area within huge ramparts. Walking through the narrow lanes is an experience worth savouring.

However, since the British rule, due to the rise of sea trade and growth of the port of Bombay, the city went through a major economic recession. After the independence and partition of India, the ancient trade route was totally closed and thus sealed the fate of the city. However, the strategic importance of Jaisalmer of Rajasthan was revealed during the 1965 and 1971 wars between India and Pakistan. Today, these veritable arts - museums are still inhabited, and their colourful celebrations and festivals have placed Jaisalmer Fort firmly on the world tourism map.
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Kumbhalgarh Fort near Udaipur in Rajasthan, India

Set amidst a cluster of thirteen mountain peaks of the Aravali range, the formidable medieval citadel of Kumbhalgarh Fort of Rajasthan stands a wary sentinel to the past glory of its kings and princes. Located 64 km north of Udaipur in the wilderness, Kumbhalgarh of Rajasthan is the second most important citadel after Chittorgarh of Rajasthan in the Mewar region. The fort of Rajasthan is self-contained and has within its amalgam almost everything to withstand a long siege. The huge complex of the Fort of Rajasthan has numerous palaces, temples and gardens making it more magnificent.

Cradled in the Aravali Ranges rising from a prominent ridge, 1,914 m above the sea level, the fort was built in 15th century AD by Maharana Kumbha (1419-63 AD) and is the principal fort after Chittaurgarh Fort of Rajasthan. Because of its inaccessibility and hostile topography the fort of Rajasthan had remained un-conquered. The fort of Rajasthan fell only once that too to the combined armies of Mughal and of Amber for scarcity of drinking water. It also served the rulers of Mewar as a refuge in times of strife. The fort also served as refuge to the baby king Udai of Mewar. The Kumbhalgarh Fort of Rajasthan also has a great significance by being the birthplace of Maharana Pratap and as the finest examples of defensive fortification in Rajasthan. The most interesting part is that this fort has a fort within itself. Named Kartargarh, the inner fort has a palace built by Maharana Fateh Singh after he had pulled down the old palace built by Rana Kumbha.

Encircled by thirteen elevated mountain peaks, the fort of Rajasthan is constructed on the top most ridges around 1,914 meters above sea level. The fortifications of the fort extend to the length of 36 kilometers and over 25 feet thick; and this fact has made this fort to be in the international records. It is stated to be the second longest continuous wall in the world, the first being ''the Great Wall of China''.

The most amazing and interesting fact about the fort of Rajasthan is that it houses another fort in its complex. This fort is called Kartargarh fort and is famous for its palace that resides on the top of structure built by Maharana Fateh Singh. This beautiful palace is known as 'Badal Mahal' or the Palace of Cloud. It is also accredited to be the birth place of great warrior Maharana Pratap. This palace has beautiful rooms with lovely color combination of green, turquoise and white presenting a bright contrast to the earthy colors of the Fort. This place gives the appearance of being wandering in the world of clouds. Cloud Palace also offers a fantastic panoramic vista of the down town.
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Mehrangarh Fort of Jodhpur in Rajasthan, India

Invincible and mighty, inspiring awe, admiration, envy and fear in friend and foe alike, Mehrangarh of Rajasthan is the very spirit of the Rathores. Mehrangarh Fort of Rajasthan has never, not even once, been taken in a siege.  Indeed, no historian, no white-whiskered royal retainer, no chronicle, no ballad, no poem can rival the Citadel of the Sun in bringing alive the story of the Rathores of Jodhpur of Rajasthan. Every mile-stone in their adventure, every triumph, every act of courage is immortalized here in stone and mortar, marble and metal. The palaces of Rajasthan lavished with delicate friezes, record successful campaigns; cart-loads of war booty and caravans laden with imperial favor. The cenotaphs recount stirring tales of valor and sacrifice; cannon-ball marks on the walls speak of repulsed enemies; the hand-prints, tiny and graceful on the portals, weep in remembrance of faithful queens lost to the flames of Sati.

Mehrangarh Fort of Rajasthan located in Jodhpur city in Rajasthan state is one of the largest forts and a famous tourist place in India. The fort of Rajasthan is situated on a lofty height, 400 feet above the city, and is enclosed by imposing thick walls. Inside its territorial boundaries, there are several palaces, which are known for their intricate carvings and sprawling courtyards.

Mehrangarh (etymology:'Mihir'{Sanskrit)-sun or Sun-deity; 'garh'{Sanskrit}-fort; i.e.'Sun-fort'; according to Rajasthani language pronunciation conventions, 'Mihirgarh' has changed to 'Mehrangarh'; the Sun-deity has been the chief deity of the Rathore dynasty; is one of the largest forts in India. Though the fortress was originally started in 1459 by Rao Jodha, founder of Jodhpur of Rajasthan, most of the fort which stands today dates from the period of Jaswant Singh (1638–78). This magnificent fort is located at the centre of the city spreading over 5 km atop a 125-metre high hill.
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City Palace of Jaipur in Rajasthan, India

The City Palace of Jaipur or the main palace is an imposing blend of traditional Rajasthan and Mughal architecture. City Palace of Rajasthan forms one of the most famous tourist attractions and a major landmark in Jaipur of Rajasthan. The beautiful palace was built by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh during his reign. Among the various forts and palaces of Jaipur of Rajasthan, City Palace of Rajasthan stands apart, with its outstanding art and architecture. The vast palace complex occupies one seventh of the walled city of Jaipur of Rajasthan. City Palace complex of Rajasthan covers a huge area, which is divided into a series of gardens, courtyards and buildings. Initially, Raja Jai Singh built the outer wall occupying a huge area. The additional grand buildings were constructed later by the succeeding rulers.

The City Palace of Jaipur of Rajasthan was not only a part of the former glory of India, but still serves as home to the former Maharaja. The City Palace complex of Rajasthan houses several palatial structures like Chandra Mahal of Rajasthan, Mubarak Mahal of Rajasthan, Mukut Mahal of Rajasthan, Maharani's Palace of Rajasthan, Shri Govind Dev Temple of Rajasthan and the City Palace Museum of Rajasthan.  Nakkarkhana-ka-Darwaza, the imposing gateway of the City Palace guarded by stone elephants, is monumental.
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Umaid Bhavan Palace of Jodhpur in Rajasthan, India

Umaid Bhawan Palace is a palace located at Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India. Umaid Bhawan Palace of Rajasthan exudes an aura distinctly its own. The Palace hotel of Rajasthan subtly blends Rajput and Victorian architecture. Umaid Bhawan Palace of Rajasthan was originally called Chittar Palace during construction, due to its location on Chittar Hill, the highest point in Jodhpur of Rajasthan. Ground for the foundations of the building was broken on 18 November 1929 by Maharaja Umed Singh, it was unfinished until 1944. Umaid Bhawan was one of the last royal constructions (and India's last Palace), built to provide work and drought relief for the poor. The Palace of Rajasthan, when it was built, was the world's largest private residence, with 347 rooms. The building is dramatically illuminated at night causing some controversy in a city that continues to endure daily multi-hour power cuts. The Palace of Rajasthan now is a five star deluxe palace hotel. The museum of the palace is highly recommended for its display of weapons, an array of stuffed leopards, a huge banner presented by Queen Victoria and an incredible collection of clocks.
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Jaigarh Fort of Jaipur in Rajasthan, India

At a distance of 15kms from Jaipur of Rajasthan, the capital city of Indian state of Rajasthan stands the imposing Jaigarh Fort of Rajasthan. Also called the Victory Fort, the Jaigarh Fort of Rajasthan stands in the midst of thorn-scrub hills that impart a sterner look to the already forbidding Fort. As one approaches the fort from the steep road that leads to the main gate, the Dungar Darwaza, one cannot help but remark at the amazing view it offers of the city below. The Jaigarh fort of Rajasthan was built between the 15th to the 18th century to bolster up the defense of Amer, so one should not be amazed to find that the fort unlike most palaces of Rajasthan and forts of Jaipur of Rajasthan is quite plain and simple. It has moats and all the features you would expect of a full-fledged citadel.

The Jaigarh fort of Rajasthan is the most spectacular of the three-hilltop forts that overlook Jaipur of Rajasthan. In Mughal times, the Jaipur region was a major weapon-producing centre for the Mughal and Rajput rulers, several of which are on display in the fort's museum. It is one of the few military structures of medieval India preserved almost intact, retaining its ancient splendour in palaces, gardens , reservoirs, a granary, an armoury, a well planned cannon foundary, several temples, a tall tower and a giant mounted cannon-the Jai Ban, one of the largest in the country are preserved here. The extensive parkotas (walls), watch tower and gateways of Jaigarh dominate the western skyline. It is a massive fort of Rajasthan that has been preserved and maintained well and has bravely faced the tempests of time. Jaigarh Fort of Rajasthan is also known as the fort of victory. The display includes a collection of canons, many of which are exquisitely decorated and were used in the Mughal campaigns led by the Rajput King, Raja Man Singh.

Jaigarh Fort of Rajasthan was made to tighten the security of Jaipur of Rajasthan and Amber of Rajasthan. Due to this fact, one may not find this fort as artistic as other forts and palaces of Rajasthan, but it certainly has its own charm. The Fort of Rajasthan has many structures of medieval India, which are worth exploring. It has several palaces, granary, well-planned cannon foundry, several temples and a tall tower. Jaigarh Fort of Rajasthan used to serve as the center of artillery production for the Rajputs.
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Nahargarh Fort of Jaipur in Rajasthan, India

Nahargarh Fort is located on the sheer rugged ridge of Aravali Hills and it forms an impressive northern backdrop of Pink City of Jaipur, the capital city of Indian state of Rajasthan. Nahargarh Fort of Rajasthan is the first of the three forts built by Maharaja Jai Sawai Singh of Jaipur of Rajasthan. Beyond the hills of Jaigarh of Rajasthan, stands the fort of Nahargarh of Rajasthan like a watchful sentinel guarding Sawai Jai Singh's beautiful capital. The Fort of Rajasthan was constructed mainly in 1734, however further additions were made to it, by the succeeding rulers in the 19th century. In 1734, seven years after his new capital was built Jai Singh II began to build this small fort. Two and a half centuries later it still stands tall on a steep rocky face with massive walls and bastions for company. Jai Singh II named it Sudarshangarh (sudarshan chakra: Lord Vishnu’s discus; garh: fort). Along with Amber Fort of Rajasthan and Jaigarh Fort of Rajasthan it formed a strong defence ring for the city. During the Sepoy revolt of 1857, Nahagarh served as a refuge for Europeans fleeing from the havoc created by mutineers in neighboring states. The term "Nahargarh" refers to "the Abode of Tigers", so it is also known as the Tiger Fort of Rajasthan. It overlooks the city from a sheer ridge to the north, and is floodlit at night. Much of the original structures are now in ruins, but the lovely buildings added by Sawai Ram Singh II and Sawai Madho Singh II in the 19 th century are preserved in a good condition and remind the visitors of the glory of the former age that belonged to kings and Maharajas. This Place was used as a picnic spot for the members of the Royal family.
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Junagarh Fort of Bikaner in Rajasthan, India

Imposing and enchanting, the Junagarh Fort in Bikaner of Rajasthan overwhelms you with its historic charm and monumental splendor. It is an unassailable fort, a fort of Rajasthan that has never been conquered, though it has been attacked many times. Junagarh Fort of Rajasthan is an impressive monument, with huge towers and battlements for defence. This fascinating piece of architecture was built between 1588 -1593 AD by Raja Rai Singh (1571 - 1611 AD), a general in army of Mughal emperor, Akbar. Raja Rai Singh, who lived in the times of the Mughal Emperors Akbar and Jahangir, was a famous military leader

The Junagarh fort of Rajasthan is a formidable structure encircled by a moat and has some beautiful palaces within. These palaces, made in red sandstone and marble, make a picturesque ensemble of courtyards, balconies, kiosks and windows dotted all over the structure.
The imposing fort of Rajasthan has 986 long walls with 37 bastions and two entrances. Junagarh Fort of Rajasthan contains 37 palaces and many temples and pavilions. A measure feature of Junagarh fort of Rajasthan is the superb quality of the stone carving-it rivals the best anywhere in the world. Many of the inner rooms of the palaces of Rajasthan are beautifully decorated and painted in traditional style.
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Pious Pilgrimage Attractions of Rajasthan in India

Religion in India comprises beliefs and traditions that rank among the worlds most ancient and varied. India is one of the most religiously diverse nations in the world; religion plays a central role in the lives of most Indians. Numerous religions practiced by Indians can sometimes bewilder the visitor but a general understanding and tolerance has always existed and accounted for the wonderful cultural unity that has kept the Indian spirit alive.

Temple bells chime across the still silence of the desert, the peals a clear sound that ring for a while, resound, and are then swallowed up into a great nothingness. It is a sound that bathes the dawn with an enchanted, magical beauty that gives definition to a life of harsh realities: in sand and scrub, the people have found not discomfort but faith, a force that gives them a positive radiance, and the mettle to create a life that is a celebration of their energies and their beliefs.

Every home in Rajasthan has its deities - those from the Hindu pantheon, folk heroes, mother goddesses, sati matas, even maharajas who ran their kingdoms like exemplary welfare states. Every village has its temples - from the vermilion daubed stones revered under the thickening trunks of ancient trees to carved temples that celebrate the spirit of their faith. Every faith has its gods - whether Hindu, Islamic, or Jain, in the nature of gurus, or as the cosmos itself. And every one of them has a place in Rajasthan, not only tolerant of each other's religions, but also participating in many of the events, or letting faiths intermingle to create a new vocabulary for those who believe in gods, and the power of gods.

The warrior spirit is a result, too, of this faith: it is the creed of the warrior to lay down his life in the protection of his motherland, a belief so strongly instilled that a spouse worships her husband in the image of god when he goes out to the battlefield - this even when, should he be slain, the wife would probably have to join in the jauhar procession, jumping into a fiery pit in a mass ritual of suicide. It was this faith too that led them to live with such zest, colouring their lives as they did their clothes, with the passion they believed the gods invested in their days spent on earth.

The religious kaleidoscope is truly amazing: the chanting of Jain hymns, and their observance of strict austerities is at odds with the Bhil zest for ritual festivities in honour of the gods, or even the Rajput exuberance in their faith, and in the preparations leading up to a religious ceremony, or the Muslim month of mourning and fasting even in the harshest climatic conditions. The Jains do not eat after sundown, the Muslims share their sweet porridge of sewaiyan with others on the occasion of Id, and the Rajputs sacrifice goats before their gods, and serve it as consecrated food. Yet, between them, there has always been a sense of harmony. The Rajput kings not only gave permission to the Muslims and Jain to build their religious shrines, they also, often, gave them the lands on which to do so.

These shrines were often, also profusely carved and sculptured, for the people invested their faith in creating temples and mosques of great and abiding beauty. Such shrines were also meeting points for the people, not only at the time of religious festivities, but even otherwise, and it was therefore usual to have plantations, even orchards, surround them. A well was essential for providing the water required to bathe the sanctum, but also for quenching the thirst of travellers who would seek shelter at temples on their journeys across the desert.

Given the hostile climate and landscape, the people found comfort too in the protection of the trees and their wildlife, investing them with spirits, so that tree felling was not encouraged, and even the peacock, monkey, deer and other animals were sanctified by faith. In the case of the Bishnois, followers of a 15th century saint, Jambhoji, such protection became a credo, and they became staunch conservatioists of their environment.

For the Rajputs, their worship is also a form of paying obeisance to their ancestors, for they believe themselves descended from the very gods they pray too, and have the genealogies to prove it. At all important temples and shrines, there are Bhats, keepers of the family records whose duty it is to maintain genealogies, tracing them back not just a few generations but - provided you have the patience - to the very beginnings of time. Most people know the clan's history, and are con-tent with their more recent antecedents, but the royal families, and those of aristocratic background, have written records that go back (and in great detail) to over five hundred generations. No wonder their faith, and their awesome ancestry, draw such reverence. Since these histories were sung for patron families by bards, the heroic deeds of their past ancestors were soon transformed into the mythic, deifying earlier generations. No wonder the people of Rajasthan are so affected by their pasts: it often seems more real than even the present they live in. Religious architecture is no less inspiring than secular architecture as is evident in the intricately carved temples in Rajasthan.
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Wildlife Attractions of Rajasthan in India

Rajasthan brings to mind the images of forts, palaces, lakes, colourful festivals and the mighty Thar Desert. Rajasthan is a land of varied topography, ranging from the semi green forests of Mount Abu of Rajasthan to dry grasslands of the desert, and from the dry deciduous thorn forest of Aravali to wetlands of Bharatpur of Rajasthan. Each of these areas is home to variety of rare as well as endangered animal and bird species. The sanctuaries and the wildlife parks of Rajasthan here attract the migratory birds and become their temporary home. Migratory birds like the common crane, ducks, coots, pelicans and the rare Siberian cranes, imperial sand grouse, falcons, buzzards flocks to this state during the winter season. In the season time, the whole place echoes with enchanting sounds and fascinating visuals against the sprawling meadow of flora. Each of these areas is a haven for a wide spectrum of wildlife, bestowing the state with some of the most fascinating wildlife sanctuaries in India.

With its unconventional beauty and varied attractions, Rajasthan simply charms its way into our hearts. However, there is another aspect of Rajasthan that draws visitors in hordes. Well, it is Rajasthan's rich wildlife that makes adventure lovers and wildlife enthusiasts flock its national parks and wildlife sanctuaries every year. A very well known fact is that Rajasthan has a variety of flora and fauna of Rajasthan. Rajasthan is the haven of the tigers and many endangered species. Rajasthan is the home of some rare species of tigers, blackbucks, chinkara, the desert fox, the endangered caracal, the great Indian bustard, gavial, monitor lizard, wild boars, porcupine, etc. The leopard (panther) here is found in forests and in open degraded forest areas with rocky outcrops adjoining towns and villages. Each type of ecosystem is host to some rare species, so they have been marked as special area wildlife.

Rajasthan boasts of three national parks and over a dozen sanctuaries that offer a fascinating variety of birds and beasts, of flora and fauna and of hilly and forested terrain of Rajasthan. Most of these areas are open to visitors round the year but are closed briefly during the monsoon. The wildlife sanctuaries in Rajasthan offer some of the best wildlife tours in India and can be explored either by jeep or on elephant back. So, get set for a jeep or elephant safari and enjoy a close encounter with the wild beasts and beautiful birds in their natural habitat. For those looking for adventure, these wildlife sanctuaries of Rajasthan provide the kind of excitement that really makes the adrenaline flow.

The Nahargarh Biological Park of Rajasthan has a variety of vegetation and several species of wild beasts. The Jhalana Nature Trail of Rajasthan, Arboretum Park of Rajasthan, Amrita Devi Park of Rajasthan and Machia Safari Park of Rajasthan are the other popular ones. Around 550 species of birds can be traced in the lakes, ponds, marshlands and grasslands of Rajasthan. They are an absolute paradise for bird lovers most of which are residents. The best colony of birds in the world is Kealodeo National Park situated in Bharatpur of Rajasthan. The Keoladeo Ghana National Park at Bharatpur of Rajasthan is a bird sanctuary that is visited, every year, by our feathered friend from distant lands. It is famous for the exotic Spoonbills and Siberian Cranes. It has more than 400 species of birds and more than 130 of them breed inside the park. Being a unique bird place, the UNSECO has recognized it as a world heritage site. The Sariska Wildlife Sanctuary of Rajasthan and the Ranthambore National Park of Rajasthan are tiger reserves and homes to the royal Indian tiger. These destinations have a large variety of other wild species including the wild boar, jackal, sambar and nilgai. The Ranthambore National Park of Rajasthan is also a heritage site, as it houses the magnificent ruins of a thousand-year-old fort.

The best season for bird watching begins with the onset of winter when marshlands and lakes are inhabited by migratory birds as well as resident birds. Flamingos too can be seen in salt-water lakes like Pachpadra near Barmer and Sambhar near Jaipur of Rajasthan. The major wetlands other than Bharatpur in Rajasthan are:

Jaipur -- Kukas, Kalah, Bund, Buchora Chandi, Chhaparwara and Ramgarh
Alwar -- Silislerh Jaisamand and Mansarover
Udaipur -- Ana Sagar and Faterhsagar in Ajmer, Jaisamand,Pichhola and Badi ka Talab
Jodhpur -- Balsamand and Sardar Samand
Chittaurgarh -- Bassi Dam
Bhilwara -- Meja Dam

Nature trails and eco-tourism parks have been developed as an attempt to reverse the damage done by territorial encroachment and to recreate a pristine environment. About 350 Bishnois sacrificed themselves in order to prevent the local king from cutting down the trees in their area and a cenotaph erected in their memory at Khejrli near Jodhpur stands as testimony to their fight for conservation. It is among such traditions that the erstwhile princely rulers of the State maintained the best forest tracts as hunting preserves and consequently several jungles with varied flora and fauna have been conserved.

So when you plan a holiday trip for Rajasthan, don't forget to have a glimpse at the wildlife parks here. Tour to Rajasthan and explore the rich dense forest covers of Rajasthan. Visit Wildlife Rajasthan and watch the ferocious tigers, leopards, etc in their natural habitats. Travel to Rajasthan wildlife and see the rare and endangered species wander around the ruins of the majestic forts and palaces of bygone years. See the birds dance, sing, and quarrel and feed their babies, a sight you will love to behold. Catch them in you cams, while they are busy drinking water or determined to catch their prey. Watch them quarrel and make love, while traveling in the confines of Rajasthan Wildlife. The greatest attraction for all the wildlife lovers visiting Rajasthan is various safaris they can choose to enjoy the richness of wildlife of the region. You can enjoy a jeep safari or an elephant safari and make a close encounter with the wild beasts and beautiful birds in their natural habitat. Some of the most noted National Parks and Wildlife Sanctuaries of Rajasthan are mentioned below:
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