To commemorate the martyrdom of younger sons of Guru Gobind Singh who were bricked alive in 1704 by Wazir Khan, the then Fauzdar of Sirhind, a magnificent Gurudwara has been constructed. This Gurudwara is known as Gurudwara Fatehgarh Sahib, because it marks the conquest of the Sikhs in 1710 when under the leadership of Banda Bahadur, the Sikhs ran over the area and razed the fort (built during Balban's rule) to the ground.
Legend and History
The main entrance to the Gurudwara was built by Maharaja Yadvindra Singh of Patiala in 1952. The historical wall where the younger sons of Guru Gobind Singh were bricked has been preserved in this Gurudwara. The sanctuary containing the historic wall in known as Gurudwara Bhora Sahib.
Gurudwara Burj Mata Gujri and Gurudwara Shahid Ganj are also located in the main complex of Gurudwara Fatehgarh Sahib. It was at the site of Gurudwara Burj Mata Gujri that the two younger sons, Fateh Singh and Zorawar Singh of Guru Gobind Singh and his mother were kept in confinement by Wazir Khan, the fort was known as `THANDA BURJ' which was considered a cool place during the summer. But it was a punishment for Guru's sons and his mother to keep them here in extreme winter. It was at this place that Mata Gujri collapsed on hearing the news of the martyrdom of her grandsons. Later on, Gurdwara Mata Gujri was constructed at this place.
The Gurudwara Shahid Ganj has been built to commemorate the memory of those brave Sikhs who were killed while fighting with the Mughal forces under the banner of Banda Bahadur. They were cremated at this place.
A very big hall in the memory of Seth Todar Mal who purchased land by paying gold coins for the cremation of the said martyrs has been constructed behind the main Gurudwara. A big tank has also been built in the Complex. An commemorative Jor Mela is held here in the month of December every year. A large number of pilgrims visit here.
Gurudwara Jyoti Sarup
This Gurudwara is about 1 Km from Fatehgarh Sahib on Sirhind- Chandigarh road. It was at this place that the mortal remains of Mata Gujri, the mother of Guru Gobind and his two younger sons, Fateh Singh and Zorawar Singh were cremated. It is believed that Wazir Khan, the then Faujdar of Sirhind refused to allow the cremation of the bodies unless the land for the cremation was purchased by laying gold coins on it.
Seth Todar Mal who was an ardent devotee of Guru Gobind Singh, purchased this place of land by offering gold coins as demanded.
Gurudwara Shaheed Ganj
It is situated just half a kilometer from Gurudwara Fatehgarh Sahib. It commemorates the martyrdom of those Sikhs who were killed by the tyrannical Mughals. It is believed that forty cartloads of heads of martyred Sikhs, were cremated.
On the Sirhind-Bassi Pathana Road, near Gurudwara Fatehgarh Sahib is the magnificent RAUZA OR DARGAH of Shaikh Ahmad Faruqi Sirhindi, popularly known as Mujaddid, Alf-Isfani who lived in the times of Akbar and Jahangir from 1563 to 1624.
The Shaikh is held in high esteem and is considered by Sunni Muslims to be second to prophet Mohammed. For this reason, this mausoleum is regarded as a second Macca by the Sunni Muslims.
Every year, thousands of pilgrims from various parts of India, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Bangla Desh and other Muslim countries visit this place to participate in the celebrations, known as Urs of Shaikh Ahmad Sirhindi. The date of annual celebrations vary from year to year. Every year, these celebrations precede by ten days than the previous year. By the side of the Rauza are the tombs of the Afghan Ruler, Shah Zaman and his Queen.
Tomb of Nabis at Bras
Das Nami Akhara
Mata Chakreshvri Devi Jain Temple
Sant Namdev Temple at Bassi Pathana
Mosque of Sadhana Kasai at Sirhind
Haveli Todar Mal
Aam Khas Bagh
Ustad Di Mazar
Shahgird Di Mazar
It is bounded by Ludhiana and Ropar in the North, Patiala in the South, parts of Ropar and Patiala in the East and parts of Ludhiana and Sangrur in the West. It is situated between 30 degree-38' North 16 degree-27' East and is 50 Kms. towards the west of Chandigarh , the capital of Punjab.